Basic photography is the foundation of photography that covers the fundamental concepts and techniques that are used to take good photographs. It includes understanding the camera’s settings and how they affect the final image, as well as learning about composition, lighting, and editing.
The three most important settings on a camera are aperture, shutter speed, and ISO. The aperture controls the amount of light that enters the camera, and it is measured in f-stops. A lower f-stop number, such as f/1.8, will allow more light into the camera and create a shallow depth of field, while a higher f-stop number, such as f/22, will allow less light in and create a deeper depth of field. Shutter speed controls the amount of time that the camera’s sensor is exposed to light, and it is measured in seconds or fractions of a second. A fast shutter speed, such as 1/1000th of a second, will freeze motion, while a slow shutter speed, such as 1/4th of a second, will create motion blur. ISO is the camera’s sensitivity to light, and it is measured in numbers. A lower ISO, such as 100, is used in bright light and creates less noise, while a higher ISO, such as 3200, is used in low light and creates more noise.
Composition is the arrangement of elements in a photograph and is an important aspect of basic photography. One of the most common composition techniques is the rule of thirds, which is the idea of dividing the frame into three equal parts horizontally and vertically and placing the main subject along one of the lines or at the intersection of the lines.
Lighting is another important aspect of photography. It can be natural or artificial and can be used to create different moods and effects. Understanding the direction, quality, and color of light can greatly enhance the final image.
Basic editing includes adjusting the color, brightness, and contrast of the image. These adjustments can be made using editing software such as Lightroom or Photoshop.
In summary, basic photography covers the fundamental concepts and techniques of photography, including camera settings, composition, lighting, and editing. Understanding and mastering these concepts will help you take better photographs and improve your skills as a photographer.